Classification – name: Literary studies
Pages: 232-263
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Research Article
Collection: Russian Literature and Journalism in the Pre-revolutionary Era: Forms of Interaction and Methodology of Analysis
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


Author: Michaela Böhmig
Michaela Böhmig. “Impressionists’ Studio”: between Modernism and Avantgarde

About the author:

Michaela Böhmig, Professor, University of Naples “L’Orientale”, member of the Russian World Center, Naples, Italy.


In 1910 Russian cultural life was at a turning point. The death of V. Komissarzhevskaya, M. Vrubel, M. Petipa, A. Kuindzhi, and L. Tolstoy marked the end of an entire epoch. At the same time, several essays published in some of the most important literary magazines of the time exposed the crisis of the symbolist movement, while books such as “Symbolism” by Andrey Bely attempted to give a conclusive account of its ideas. The beginning of a new chapter in the world of Russian art was prefigured in three programmatic works published in 1910: M. Kuzmin’s article “On Beautiful Clarity”, the miscellany “Impressionists’ Studio” edited by N. Kulbin, and the anthology “A Trap for Judges I”, the first collective publication of the Cubo-futurists. The present study focuses on Kulbin’s work and on the miscellany he edited to suggest that this text constitutes both a “bridge” between modernism and the avant-garde and a prototype of subsequent futuristic almanacs.

Keywords: 1910, N.I. Kulbin, “Impressionists’ Studio”, Modernism, Symbolism, Cubo-futurism, Avant-garde.