Classification – name: Literary studies
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Collection: The phenomenon of the Russian literary estate: from Chekhov to Sorokin+
Year of publication: 2020
Place of publication: Moscow


Author: Olga A. Bogdanova
Bogdanova O.A. “Estate myth” in the literature of Russian postmodernity: deconstruction or reconstruction?

About the author

Olga A. Bogdanova, DSc in Philology, Leading Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


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The article describes the time of registration of the “estate myth” in Russian culture — the beginning of the XX century — and outlines its content, dating back to the idealized life of estate of A.S. Pushkin time. From the 1920s–1930s the functioning of the “estate myth” was forcibly interrupted and resumed only in the 1990s, with the removal of ideological barriers. Turning to the subject of the estate at the turn of XX– XXI centuries is explained not only by the need for national identity, but also the possibility of developing undisclosed mythopoetic potentials of the Russian estate. It takes place within the framework of the cultural situation of postmodernity, passing through the stages of postmodernism (1980-1990ies) and neo-modernism / metamodernism (2000–2010ths). If the first stage is characterized by the deconstruction of the “estate myth” in the works of M.P. Shishkin, V.G. Sorokin, V.O. Pelevin, P.V. Krusanov, etc., the second — on the contrary, by its actualization and reconstruction in a number of attractive features in the works of E.G. Vodolazkin, A.I. Slapovsky, etc. It is the “estate myth”, restored in its former charm and supplemented by existential authenticity and freedom, is seriously offered to man of the beginning of the XXI century as a way out of the clutches of the historical determinism to the timeless universality and authenticity of being. However, the modern reader, as a rule, does not deal with empirical estate realities, but with the “estate habitus” as a worldview-behavioral model formed by the “estate topos”, which has a significant heuristic potential.

Keywords: Russian estate, “estate myth”, modernism, neomiphology, the turn of XX– XXI centuries, postmodernity, postmodernism, neo-modernism/metamodernism, deconstruction.