Classification – name: Literary studies
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Monograph
Collection: Literary process in Russia of the 18th  — 19th centuries. Secular and spiritual literature. Issue 2
DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.22455/ Lit.pr.2020-2-159-176
Year of publication: 2020
Place of publication: Moscow

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Author: Igor A. Vinogradov
Vinogradov I.A. Nikolai Gogol and Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov in the work on the painting “The Apparition of the Messiah”

About the author

Igor A. Vinogradov, DSc in Philology, Director of Research, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya  25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

ORCID ID:https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9151-4554

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Аbstract

The article presents an analysis of the creative dialogueАbstract: The article presents an analysis of the creative dialogueof Nikolai Gogol and artist Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov in the processof creating of the famous painting “The Apparition of the Messiah”by the latter. As a result of comparing the preliminary sketches of theartist, interpreting one of the drawings made by Nikolai Gogol forAlexander Andreyevich, as well as studying the similar religious andpolitical views of the writer and painter, a conclusion is drawn abouttheir fruitful cooperation in developing the concept of the famous painting.The compositional motifs prompted by Nikolai Gogol to AlexanderAndreyevich Ivanov and embodied in “The Apparition of the Messiah”include a number of interconnected and complementary Christian images.Transformed in baptism, ancient and modern humanity, what was depicted by the artist in the outlines of the temple, was the reconstructeddepicted by the artist in the outlines of the temple, was the reconstructed“fall of Adam”, the New Testament Noah’s ark — the ship of the Church,the “echidna” serpent of the baptised pagans. The latter image finds itscorrespondence in a whole series of Nikolai Gogol’s works of art, from“Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka” to “Dead Souls”. Nikolai Gogol andAlexander Andreyevich Ivanov find deep unanimity in the developmentof the main messianic content of the picture.

Keywords: Nikolai Gogol, Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, biography, creative work, interpretation, social ideology, spiritual heritage.