Classification – name: Literary studies
Author: Maria Cymborska-Leboda
Pages: 231-248
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Research Article
Collection: Merezhkovskys’ Circle: On the Occasion of the 150th Anniversary of Z.N. Gippius
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


About the author:

Maria Cymborska-Leboda, Professor, Dr. Hab., Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (Institute of Neophilology, Doctoral School), Poland, 20-031, Lublin, Pl. M. Curie-Sklodowskiej, 5/1508.

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The article reviews estimations of the “intellectual acuity” and literary qualities of Zinaida Gippius’s emigration prose and its links with European philosophy of the first half of the Twentieth Century (Martin Buber, 232 Gabriel Marcel). The article offers an examination of models exemplifying relationships with the Other, and discusses the concept of the Other in Gippius’s fiction. The analysis applied focuses on the following issues: (1) the projection of an idealized (utopian) relationship with the Other (the concept of “Tenderness”), and the perception of the feminine as an expression of particular Otherness; (2) plot situations highlighting the opposition Thou- It; (3) a model enabling the tracking of the transition from the ontology of human relationships, and the separation expressed in I-He/She, to the ethic of responsibility for the Other or sympathetic participation in His/Her being.

Keywords: Gippius, Buber, Marcel, Dostoevsky, Lévinas, Barthes, models of relation with the Other, utopia.