Classification – name: Literary studies
Pages: 405–419
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Research Article
Collection: Sergey Esenin in the Context of the Epoch
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


Author: Alexey I. Kondratenko
Kondratenko, A. I. “Oryol in the Biography of Zinaida Reich (Dedicated to the Anniversary of Her 125th Birthday).” Sergey Esenin in the Context of the Epoch: Сollective Мonograph. Ex. ed. Natalia I. Shubnikova- Guseva. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2021, pp. 405–419. (In Russian)

About the author:

Alexey I. Kondratenko (Orel, Russia), DSc in Philology, Professor, I.S. Turgenev Orel State University.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The article examines the little-known facts of the biography of Zinaida Reich and her family. She was an actress, a wife of Sergey Esenin and later was married to Vsevolod Meyerhold. The unpublished materials stored in the Oryol archives are taken into consideration when this article has been written. In particular, the egodocuments held in the fund of the Gitterman gymnasium stored in the State Archives of the Oryol Region is published by the author. Special attention is paid to Zinaida Reich’s participation in the cultural life of the Oryol region during the Russian Civil War. At that time she was heading the theatrical and cinematographic section of the district military commissariat, then chairing the arts sub-department of the regional department of public education.

Keywords: S. A. Esenin, Z. N. Reich, V. E. Meyerhold, Russian theatre, Oryol, biography.