Classification – name: Literary studies
Pages: 52-63
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Research Article
Collection: F.M. Dostoevsky in Literary and Archival Sources of the Late 19th — the First Third of the 20th Century
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


Oksana A. Kravchenko. Tragedy as a Novel and Philosophy: Architectonics of the Tragic at Dostoevsky

About the author:

Oksana A. Kravchenko, Head of the Department of World and National Culture, Associate Professor, Donetsk National University.

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The article is devoted to the study of the tragic value spectrum of F. Dostoevsky’s works. In the analysis of the critical works of V. Ivanov and L. Shestov identify the constants of the tragic architectonics proposed by these researchers. The conclusion is made about the semantic multidirectionality of the tragic assessments in the reading of F. Dostoevsky. In Ivanov’s interpretation, the hero perceives the lost harmony of spiritual unity as a value and seeks to restore it. In Shestov’s philosophy, the pathos of tragedy consists in the voluntary heroic rejection of harmonious ideals by the individual. In both cases, the tragic, as an architectonic value, acquires specific semantic overtones of 20th century art.

Keywords: architectonics, tragic, F. Dostoevsky, M. Bakhtin, V. Ivanov, L. Shestov, novel, tragedy.