Classification – name: Literary studies
Pages: 210-232
Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
Rights – URL:
Language of the publication: Russian
Type of document: Research Article
Collection: F.M. Dostoevsky in Literary and Archival Sources of the Late 19th — the First Third of the 20th Century
Year of publication: 2021
Place of publication: Moscow


Igor A. Ebanoidze. Nietzsche Reads Dostoevsky: Chronology and Reception Material

About the author:

Igor A. Ebanoidze, PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia..


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The study, based on the analysis of the correspondence, notebooks of Friedrich Nietzsche and other sources from his closest circle, is devoted to the history of the acquaintance of the German thinker with the Dostoevsky’s books and it’s reception in the works of Nietzsche. There are three documented stages of this reception: the end of the winter of 1887, the spring of 1887, and the turn of 1887–1888. The results of the study suggest, first of all, the importance for Nietzsche of acquaintance with the story “Notes from the Underground” (despite the fact that Nietzsche read a French compilation from “Notes” and “Hostess”), as well as the role of the novel “Demons” in the concept of Nietzsche’s “Antichrist”.

Keywords: “Notes from the Underground”, “Demons”, Resentment, Will to power, Nihilism, “Classical and romantic pessimism”, Psychology of Religion.