About the author:
Irina I. Sizova, PhD in Philology, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia.
The article considers the correlation of documentary as a kind of fiction with folk works by L.N. Tolstoy. The biographical material shows how the writer creatively comprehends the key features of this genre: expresses the actual events, enriches the applied function of the document, captures in specific phenomena the socio-typical properties, aesthetically evaluates the depicted realities in historical perspective, reliably uses the facts, entiches poetic imagery with publicistic pathos, describes the wanderings of the characters.