Information about the author:
Tsagana D. Mandzhieva
Tsagana D. Mandzhieva, PhD student, Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences, B. Kislovsky per., 1 building 1, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9568-2961
This article presents the results of the study, which consisted in analyzing the collected field research materials and modeling the experimental history of the use of the language / languages of the Kalmyks living in the Republic of Kalmykia. This issue was considered during the interview on the example of the Kalmyk language community of the Republic of Kalmykia, where in 2020– 2021 a comprehensive sociolinguistic study was carried out. An explanation of the term “language biography” is given and the relevance of the ongoing research for scientific works performed on the material of minority languages is indicated. The study is based on the analysis of autobiographical narratives / linguistic biographies of the informants (interviews), which made it possible to model the historical past of the Kalmyks. It is shown that recently the study of theoretical approaches and successful methods for restoring the social functions of languages is relevant. The model of linguistic biography makes it possible to trace the development of linguistic loyalty and linguistic associations of a given ethnic group in a diachronic aspect.
Keywords: language biography, Kalmyk language, Kalmyks, historical factor.