Information about the author:
Zhang Liwei, PhD student, School of Russian and Eurasian Studies, Shanghai International Studies University, Wenxiang St. 1550, 201620 Shanghai, China.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4739-8007
The article is devoted to the analysis of language policy and language competition in the Republic of Tajikistan in synchronic and diachronic aspects. The phenomena and factors influencing the modern language competition are analyzed. A comparative description of the activities performed by Russia, the United States and China to promote the Russian, English and Chinese languages in the Republic of Tajikistan is presented. An overview of the measures taken by the government of Tajikistan to accelerate the implementation of the “Law on Language: of October 21, 1997 is presented along with the characteristics of the language situation in Tajikistan. The problems of promoting the Chinese language in Tajikistan are identified and reasonable solutions are proposed to increase the competitiveness of the Chinese language. In conclusion, it is emphasized that the language situation in Tajikistan represents a complex social and communicative system, where a multicomponent model of language policy operates, combining a competing language policy with different varieties of the Tajik, Russian, English and Chinese languages.
Keywords: language competition, Tajikistan, Tajik language, Russian language, English language, Chinese language