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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

  • Classification – name: Literary studies
  • Author: Zhang Liwei
  • Pages: 216–228
  • Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
  • Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
  • Rights – URL: Visit Website
  • Language of the publication: Russian
  • Type of document: Research Article
  • Collection: Modern Language Policy: Theory and Practice
  • DOI:
  • Year of publication: 2022
  • Place of publication: Moscow
  • PDF

  • Zhang, Liwei. “On the Question of Language Competition in the Republic of Tajikistan.” Modern Language Policy: Theory and Practice, ex. ed. Maria Ya. Kaplunova, Zhao Ronghui. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2022, pp. 216–228. (In Russ.)

Information about the author:

Zhang Liwei, PhD student, School of Russian and Eurasian Studies, Shanghai International Studies University, Wenxiang St. 1550, 201620 Shanghai, China.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


The article is devoted to the analysis of language policy and language competition in the Republic of Tajikistan in synchronic and diachronic aspects. The phenomena and factors influencing the modern language competition are analyzed. A comparative description of the activities performed by Russia, the United States and China to promote the Russian, English and Chinese languages in the Republic of Tajikistan is presented. An overview of the measures taken by the government of Tajikistan to accelerate the implementation of the “Law on Language: of October 21, 1997 is presented along with the characteristics of the language situation in Tajikistan. The problems of promoting the Chinese language in Tajikistan are identified and reasonable solutions are proposed to increase the competitiveness of the Chinese language. In conclusion, it is emphasized that the language situation in Tajikistan represents a complex social and communicative system, where a multicomponent model of language policy operates, combining a competing language policy with different varieties of the Tajik, Russian, English and Chinese languages.

Keywords: language competition, Tajikistan, Tajik language, Russian language, English language, Chinese language


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