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A.M. Gorky Institute
of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

IWL RAS Publishing

A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature
of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Povarskaya 25a, 121069 Moscow, Russia



Types of publications

  • Classification – name: Literary studies
  • Author: Veronika B. Zuseva-Özkan
  • Pages: 82–98
  • Publisher: A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IWL RAS Publ.)
  • Rights – description: Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (СС BY-ND)
  • Rights – URL: Visit Website
  • Language of the publication: Russian
  • Type of document: Research Article
  • Collection: The Merezhkovskys and Europe
  • DOI:
  • EDN:

  • Year of publication: 2023
  • Place of publication: Moscow
  • PDF

  • Zuseva-Özkan, V.B. “Russia and Europe in the Short Stories by Z.N. Gippius of the 1920s–1930s.ˮ Тhe Merezhkovskys and Europe. Eds. by Vadim V. Polonsky, Elena A. Andrushchenko, Оlga А. Blinova, Vera M. Vvedenskaya. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2023, pp. 82–98. (In Russ.)

Information about the author:

Veronika B. Zuseva-Özkan, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


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The article deals with three short stories by Z.N. Gippius: “Vanya and Marie” (1924), “Marina and Katerina (Parallels)” (1931), “Vanya Pugachev and Vanya Rumyantsev” (1933). The stories, which reflect the relationship between Russia and Europe, demonstrate, according to the author’s intention, not just separate “cases” of human destinies and individualities, but the deeplying foundations of the national character and the Russian revolution of 1917. The objectives of the article are to study the constants and evolution of Gippius’ ideas on “the change of times, the deep difference of cultures, countries and peoples” “against the background of the ‛eternal’,” i. e. love, as she puts it in the story “Marina and Katerina”. Narrative structure, motive and thematic echoes, mental stereotypes and artistic topoi of these short stories are revealed. The commonality of problems and structure allows to consider the selected texts as a single semantic series, reflecting Gippius’ views on the relationship between Russia and Europe, and the “rewriting” of the story “Vanya and Marie” in the story “Vanya Pugachev and Vanya Rumyantsev” especially helps to identify the evolutionary vector of these views. The stories are also compared with the journalism and criticism of Gippius, in which similar ideas are expressed.

  • Keywords: Z.N. Gippius, short stories, Russia and Europe, own and foreign, parallels and oppositions.


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