Information about the author:
Serge Rolet, DSc in Philology, Professor of Russian Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages, University of Lille, France.
The article examines the interpretation of Gorky’s work in different volumes of the History of Russian Literature published by “Fayard” in France in 1987–1990. Gorky is mentioned in the volume called “The Silver Age”, but only in a general article devoted to the literature of the late 20th century. The article “Maxim Gorky” is placed in a volume analyzing Russian literature of the stalinist and post-stalinist periods. Gorky turns out to be primarily a “soviet” writer, in fact, alien to the search for the Silver Age and the 1920s. The creators of “Fayard”’s History of Russian Literature, who claimed to be a scientific method, freed from any ideological approach to art, actually adhere to the ideology of symbolists, which then dominated the emigrant intelligentsia.
Keywords: M. Gorky, V. Strada, M. Geller, Western slavistics, “Fayard”, ideology.