Information about the author:
Marina G. Urtmintseva
Marina G. Urtmintseva, DSc in Philology, Head of the Department of Slavic Philology and Culture, Institute of Philology and Journalism, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Prospect Gagarina, 23, 603022 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
Works of small epic forms, created by M. Gorky in Nizhny Novgorod, are part of a single literary text of the writer, whose structure is determined by the predominance of the lyrical beginning, synthesizing the emotional reaction and its rational, philosophical understanding. The analysis of the ideological-thematic and artistic originality of the works considered in the article showed that the central aesthetic problem that M. Gorky decides at this stage of creativity, is to search for ways to embody the author’s consciousness, which allows us to consider them as a poetic autobiography of the writer.
Keywords: Maxim Gorky, poetics, structure, artistic consciousness, autobiography, creative method.